50张苏联共产主义宣传海报

苏联的共产主义宣传是为了宣传共产党,向公民灌输马列主义思想。在审查制度盛行的社会,宣传是控制人们思想的一种普遍方法。

苏联的主要审查机构,苏联部长会议(Glavlit)下属的新闻界国家机密保护总局(General directory for Protection for national Secrets in The pressure)成立于1922年,目的是“确保每一篇发表的文章都有正确的思想观点”

在斯大林时代,偏离官方宣传的命令会受到处决或驱逐到古拉格劳改营的惩罚。在斯大林之后,这种散漫的纪律方法被惩罚性精神病学、监狱、拒绝工作安置和丧失公民身份所取代。据说“一个男人只能在晚上和妻子自由交谈,把毯子拉在头上。”

苏联宣传的共同主题包括通过努力工作和纪律克服人的基本本能,使普通人成为英雄的新人。制造阶级敌人,丑化资产阶级,使他们能够满足于高尚的贫穷。教育、新社会、共产主义全球主义、反美主义、反宗教、知识主义、工业生产,都是共产主义同志灌输的理想。

“以美国方式向饥饿的人提供人道主义援助”

“同年不同气象”,温度计上的红色条是“苏联工业率”,黑色条是“美国工业率”,小文字告诉我们,美国发生了经济危机

“神话与现实

“多么危险的疯狂,”这张海报显示俄罗斯人把冷战核军备竞赛归咎于美国

苏联核武器试验中的“山姆大叔”和“停止核弹试验”

“如果你做一个毫无意义的聊天,你就是在帮助一只间谍鼠”科雷茨基,1954年

美国人带着武器和金钱爬上北约的顶端梯子上有“北约”的标志

黑海上的山姆大叔正透过间谍镜盯着苏联,上面有“挑衅”的牌子,站在美国军舰上的山姆大叔曾被广泛用来代表美国

这就是美国和盟国如何从中东(即中东)榨出鲜血和石油,并写道:“这里,又一次,鲜血和石油正在被注入”

从国会大厦走出来的山姆大叔在那里写着“和平之路”,在和平之路上通过武器威胁

“一个强大的体育强国”,B Reshetnikov,1962年。这张海报展示了在奥运会期间,苏联在美国和苏联之间的紧张局势下对美国的体育统治

“让我们征服圣母蓝!“V Gorlenko,1964年,这是改变农业策略以更好地养活苏联人民的努力的一部分,这些策略包括利用实验科学培育更好的土壤,以及如图所示,饲养更多的鸭子以获得廉价肉

“吸烟”,Rosanov,S Sakharov,1950年这张海报最值得注意的是它鼓励人们吸烟,但并没有推广某个特定的品牌这是因为所有的工厂都被共产党控制,所以人们在哪里购买商品并不重要,他们只需要购买更多的人

“飞得比所有人都高,比所有人都远,比所有人都快,”D Pjatkin,1954年苏联人不会因为战争结束而停止制造武器,这张海报是在斯大林死后一年出版的,旨在向联邦的公民和敌人保证,它仍然是一支需要对抗的力量

人民和党是不可分割的,M V卢克雅诺夫和VS卡拉卡舍夫,1978年艺术家描绘了游行队伍手持横幅,以形成弗拉基米尔列宁的脸的形象

“光荣属于苏联科学!“无名艺术家,1957年

“人是朋友,是同志,是兄弟!“B索罗维耶夫,1962年这张海报是在共产党通过共产主义建设者的道德准则以及指导经济结构的指导方针之后制作的,该计划还为如何做人提供了有益的指导,包括拒绝懒惰、谎言和敛财行为

“太空探索者的荣耀”,Leonov&A Sokolov,1972年这张海报表达了对太空旅行的痴迷,并强调了苏联的社会主义制度和国家的技术优势将如何为公共空间探索铺平道路

在苏联,在美国,无名艺术家,1950年代,这张海报展示了苏联教育与美国教育(或缺乏教育)之间的差异

越南人活着,战斗,最后会赢!苏里亚尼诺夫R,1970年在苏联,任何地方的共产主义的胜利都是各地共产主义的胜利

1920年的海报“一切权力归苏联,和平归人民,土地归农民”

Gustav Klutsis(1930)的建构主义海报:“付出巨大的努力,我们将完成计划

70年代苏联宣传海报

鲍里斯·帕米耶夫70年代的宣传海报“我们在祖国的阳光下成长”

苏联1941年的一张二战海报——“胜利在即”

1930年-“无产阶级十诫

二战海报——《祖国呼唤》

1920年的海报-“有枪,我们会打败敌人,有了努力,我们将有面包

一九二二年共产党第四次会议的海报

1928年的今天,丹尼·多尔戈鲁科夫在政治海报上支持五年计划

列宁、恩格斯和马克思在列宁格勒,海报来自1960年

30年代-“共产主义青年团是五年计划的突击队

1920年-“消费者合作社组织壮大了红军

 

文章来源美国那些事转载请注明出处:美国那些事 » 50张苏联共产主义宣传海报

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